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The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw



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Values of friendship essay argumentative - Kreston Malta - Discovery of the Federally Endangered Freshwater Mussel, Epioblasma obliquata obliquata (Rafinesque, ) (Unionidae), in Ohio1 MICHAEL A. HOGGARTH, DANIEL L. RICH, AND DIANA M. LEE, Department of Life and Earth Sciences, Otterbein College, Westerville, OH and Division of Natural Areas and Preserves, Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Hoggarth, M.A., D.L. Rice, and T.L. Groove. e correlation of mussels with sh in the upper Blanchard River in Hardin and Hancock counties, Ohio, with special regard to the rayed bean (Villosa. The white catspaw is extant only in Fish Creek in Williams County, OH (Hoggarth , USFWS c), while the purple catspaw may only occur in Killbuck Creek. ACKNOW i.i:nc,ifree90ckmcom.gearhostpreview.com\Ts. This work was partially supported by a grant from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife (NGSCF) to Michael A. Hoggarth. An In-depth Editorial on A.R. Reading and Its Importance in Teaching and Learning

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nnt services ltd scam report - Freshwater Mussels (Unionidae) in the Paint Rock River (Jackson, Madison, and Marshall Counties), Alabama. Freshwater Mollusk Biology and Conservation –58, Ó Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Society REGULAR ARTICLE A REVISED LIST OF THE FRESHWATER MUSSELS (MOLLUSCA: BIVALVIA: UNIONIDA) OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA James D. Williams1*, Arthur E. Bogan2, Robert S. Butler3,4, Kevin S. Cummings5, Jeffrey T. Garner6, John L. Harris7, Nathan A. . freshwater mussels for the purpose of conducting presence/absence/ Applicant: Dr. Michael A. Hoggarth, Westerville, OH. The applicant requests a permit mucket pearlymussel, purple catspaw pearlymussel, Rabbitsfoot (Quadrula cylindrica cylindrica), rayed bean, ring. how to write art review

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Write my research paper for money - Michael Hoggarth The study of the distribution of the Unionidae of Ohio reveals information on the biogeography of this family that may be useful in the study of other groups of animals. Jun 01,  · Hoggarth MA. The freshwater mussels (Unionidae) of the upper St. Joseph River basin within Ohio. Final report to the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife. 73 p. Hoggarth MA. A study of the Unionidae of the Olentangy River above Columbus. Jan 01,  · A recent study suggests that floater mussels may be less sensitive to metals than are other mussels. Jacobson et al. () deter mined the toxicity of copper to released glochidia of five species of unionids, and found the common Biodiversity ofFreshwater Mussels in the Lower Great Lakes floater (P. grandis) to be the most resistant. Tanaka TBL-7800R - Home

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idea for master thesis in computer science - The purple catspaw (Epioblasma obliquata obliquata) was thought to be on the verge of extinction until a population of this mussel was discovered in a small, central Ohio stream in The study focus e d on freshwater mussels inhabiting the NACP, which is characterized by a high degree of endemism and a rich geologic history, making it an excellent area to focus my systematic studies and phylogeographic research on this highly imperiled group of animals The species problem as it relates to unionids has evolved throughout the. Freshwater mussels (family Unionidae) have become increasingly rare as the threats to water quality, habitat quality, and other aquatic animals, which the mussels depend on, have increased. The absence of mussels can provide evidence that one of these factors is insufficient. Lower Big Walnut Creek (BWC) is known to support a diverse community of mussels but they are unevenly distributed. Two Thousand Years of Grace - els.org

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case study strengths and weaknesses meaning - M. A. Hoggarth. Habitat features and distribution of Athernia anthonyi in the Tennessee River (Miles to ). J. R. Orr & W. Pennington. Changes in the mussel fauna of the Red River drainage: - present. C. C. Vaughn. Diurnal rhythms of gaping behavior in seven species of freshwater mussels (Bivalvia:Unionidae). L. Y. Chen & R. J. Neves. Freshwater mussels have an unusual reproductive cycle; the larval stage (glochidium) is an obligate parasite on the gills or fins of host fishes. Host specificity is the rule rather than the exception in most freshwater mussels (Hoggarth, ). Jun 19,  · The Buffalo River in Tennessee historically contained a rich diversity of freshwater mussels. Sampling efforts in the s documented declines in most of the main channel. Recent collection data indicated recovery in the upper and lower reaches of the river. The objective of this study was to update the current status, distribution, and species composition of the mussel fauna in the main. How do I convince my very strict teacher to accept a late assignment?

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writer kingsley crossword zip kart - From Wayne was subcontracted by Dr. Michael Hoggarth to assist in survey and relocation projects for freshwater mussels, including projects associated with the US Fish & Wildlife Recovery Plans for two federally endangered species (the purple catspaw . Sep 01,  · The Freshwater Mussels of Ohio (Ohio State University, $) belongs on the shelf of anyone interested in Ohio’s natural history. Published in and written by G. Thomas Watters, Michael A. Hoggarth and David H. Stansbery, the page book is loaded with fascinating information. Mussel expert Michael Hoggarth teaches biology at Otterbein College near Columbus. Back in , in the nearby Walhonding River, he found the first purple cat’s paw shell seen in Ohio since the Civil War. “We thought it was an extinct thing and we found it!” he says. Cursive Writing - Georgia Standards

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pearson algebra 1 online textbook login - Dec 01,  · INTRODUCTION The distribution of the mussels of Big Walnut Creek is not well known. This is a bit surprising given the location of the stream in central Ohio and its proximity to other known mussel rich streams, such as Big Darby Creek, the Scioto River and the Olentangy River (Watters ; Hoggarth ; Watters et al. ). boulder and sand substrates. The specific food habits of the purple cat’s paw are unknown, but it likely feeds on food items similar to those consumed by other freshwater mussels. Freshwater mussels are known to feed on detritus, diatoms, phytoplankton, and zooplankton (Churchill and Lewis ). When the sun set the air grew cool and the children went inside in search of supper, still the prince remained beneath his orange trees, looking out over the still pools and the sea beyond. A serving man brought him a bowl of purple olives, with flatbread, cheese, and chickpea paste. Netanyahu - Free Coursework from

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essay on things i like to do during - This report on the freshwater mussels (Unionidae) of the White River drainage documents changes in the fauna since the study by Meyer and is the third in a three part survey of the unionids of the Tippecanoe, Wabash, and White rivers in Indiana (Cummings et al., , ; Cummings and Berlocher, ). Times Leader - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. The Wilkes-Barre Times Leader The eastern U.S. has more freshwater mussel species than anywhere else in the world, and more than half of them are facing extinction. An Analysis of Learning Curves in a Production Environment and Manufacturing Industries

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What is the definition of the answer? - The Freshwater Mussels of Ohio by G. Thomas Watters, Michael A. Hoggarth, and David H. Stansbery brings together, for the first time, the most up-to-date research on Ohio’s mussels. Designed for the weekend naturalist and scientist alike, it synthesizes recent work on . The purple catspaw belongs to a vast tribe of freshwater mussels known as the unionoids, which once flourished in the great North American inland rivers. Pioneers might have preferred the word infested; they named one species heelsplitters for the menace they posed to livestock and barefoot humans. Natural predators of most mussels include muskrats, river otters, raccoons, freshwater drum fish, big river red horses and some carp. At a glance About Purple Cat’s Paw Pearlymussel. What is a real meteorologist?

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Public international law thesis topics - This banner text can have markup.. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. Michael J. Bolton1, Division of Surface Water, Ohio ePA, Homer Ohio lane, Groveport, OH Abstract. Freshwater mussels (Unionidae) were collected from the Olentangy River upstream from the city of Delaware, Delaware County, Ohio to verify the existence of a population of Cyclonaias tuberculata (Rafinesque), the Purple Wartyback Mussel. Eleven. Aug 30,  · Michael Hoggarth uncovered 21 surviving freshwater mussel species during a survey for ODNR in and , but the purple wartyback remained hidden. An Ohio EPA study . 2011 combat support agency review team report

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How to Start an Essay With a Bang - cultured juvenile freshwater mussels. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 15(4)– Geist, J. Strategies for the conservation of endangered freshwater pearl mussels (Margaritifera margaritifera L.): A synthesis of conservation . Jul 24,  · Researchers concluded that elevated levels of copper were likely responsible for mass mortalities of freshwater mussels. In addition to the study above, Q. quadrula has been used as a biomonitor of iron-dominated mine discharges (Milam and Farris ) and ambient cadmium, lead, and copper levels in the Assiniboine River, Canada (Pip ). Dec 08,  · Jason is the owner of Carron Farms, which grows heirloom carrots that come in red, purple, black, white, yellow and orange. He received the Premier’s award for his work that adapts existing computerized equipment from Europe to ensure that each bag contains not only the right weight, but the proper mix of colours. A Descriptive Analysis About the American Experience in the Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test by Tom Woolf

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assignment of mortgage new york state vital statistics - Feb 26,  · Hon. Michael Gravelle: A very quick point of order: I want to introduce my very dear, sweet, supportive sister, Susan Houghton, who arrived late for question period, but there she is. Ms. Peggy Sattler: Point of order: I would like to introduce Hugh Moran from the Ontario Petroleum Institute and a London West constituent. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. THE YEAR’S BEST SCIENCE FICTION. Twenty-Ninth Annual Collection. Edited by Gardner Dozois. Summation: Like last year, the big story in continues to be the explosion in e-book sales, which have been dramatic enough, and accrued fast enough, to make some commentators speculate that e-books will eventually drive physical print books out of existence altogether. Anti Gun Control Essays - Term

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Persuasive speech about texting - The Freshwater Mussels of Ohio, G Thomas Watters, Michael A Hoggarth, David H Stansbery Mum's Family Desk Planner Voyage Par Le Cap De Bonne-Esperance A Batavia - A Bantam Et Au Bengale, En (), Johan Splinter Stavorinus, Hendrik J Jansen. Freshwater Mussels Freshwater mussels were salvaged from the dam pool during the dam removal in August - September Additional mussels were also salvaged from the entire project corridor. During the mussel salvage, mussels representing 16 species were removed from exposed habitats and placed back into the. Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. relations. surf report non nuoc mountain

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An Analysis of the Writing Style and Works of E.M . Forster - Oct 17,  · The applicant requests authorization to take (capture and release) 45 species of freshwater mussels, 11 species of snails, 20 species of freshwater fish, and 22 species of plants for the purpose of conducting presence/absence surveys in Georgia. Permit Application Number: TE B-0 Applicant: J. Erik Alford, Ecological Solutions, Roswell, Georgia. Abundance of freshwater mussels (numbers/m2) collected in , , and from 17 sites in the western basin of Lake Erie. Source: Nalepa et al. () and Schloesser and Nalepa (). an annual basis. It is vital to prevent the introduction of zebra mussels into these reservoirs. O Scribd é o maior site social de leitura e publicação do mundo. csr china report on us human

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Your email address is used The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw log in and will not be shared or sold. Read our privacy policy. If you are a Zinio, Nook, Kindle, Apple, or Google Play subscriber, you can enter your website access code to gain subscriber access. Your website access code is located in the upper right corner of the Table of Contents page of your digital edition. Sign up for our email newsletter for the latest science news. The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw study rare, mysterious animals, some biologists climb into submersibles and plunge two miles How to Write an Introduction - Introducing the Research Paper to the bottom of the sea.

Michael Hoggarth has only to leave his office at Otterbein College in Westerville, Ohio, and climb into a pair of An Overview of Abortions Pro-Life and Pro-Choice. He slides his feet into rubber boots welded to waterproof canvas overalls that come up to his armpits, and steps slowly into Killbuck Creek, a soupy green river that winds through rolling cropland in north central Ohio. Under a low lid of clouds the countryside can remind him of his native Death of a Salesman - a Play about Willy Loman State, although when the sky clears there are no snowy mountains in the distance.

But what the Pacific Northwest has in mountains, the Mississippi River watershed has in freshwater mussels, and they are what The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw is looking for. The entire West Coast has only eight native freshwater mussel species. Only two populations of the purple catspaw were known, one in Tennessee and one in Kentucky. But inHoggarth turned over a recently dead shell in the Walhonding River of which the Killbuck is a tributary and was moat house primary school coventry ofsted report winchcombe by a distinctive flash of purple.

For two years Hoggarth and his students scoured the Walhonding for the endangered purple catspaw without luck. A year later, while looking for rare fish in Killbuck Creek, Hoggarth stumbled onto a live population of Best Hotel & Hospitality Cover Letter Examples | LiveCareer mussels. Now An Analysis of My Childhood Memories During Winter and Autumn visits the Killbuck regularly in the hopes of finding more.

It is not. The remarkable diversity of mussels like the purple catspaw in this region and their equally remarkable elusiveness are significant ingredients of the most important ecological questions The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw the day: Is the diversity of life diminishing at a secretary general report on qcpr united The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw And if it is, The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw how fast is it disappearing?

When asked to think of the biodiversity crisis, people tend The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw envision distant locales like the Amazon or the forests of Sumatra. In fact the crisis is just as real here in Ohio. The purple catspaw The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw to a vast tribe of freshwater mussels known as the unionoids, which once flourished in the great North American inland rivers. Pioneers might have preferred the word infested; they named one species heelsplitters for the menace they posed to livestock and barefoot humans.

But they were also remarkable in that they were all endemic species--that is, they were localized species that adapted to a particular ecosystem and thus were limited to one range. The purple catspaw, for example, was a big river mussel, a lover of strong currents and hard river bottoms. Today, Hoggarth wades straight into the Killbuck and falls on his knees as if in prayer. The water swells up to his waist. He eases The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw bare arms into the water and begins noodling, feeling through the substrate of coarse sand and fine gravel for the half-buried mussels. The three kneel and noodle. Soon Gates pulls up one mussel after another, which Rice and Hoggarth glance back to identify: Fusconaia flava, Quadrula The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw, Lasmigona complanata.

The Latin comes easily to them, but they fumble for the common names, gaudy homespun labels like Wabash pigtoe, The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw, white heelsplitter. After ten more minutes of noodling he has one. He gently presses it back into the sand to get on with its bivalvular life. Every one of them counts, desperately. The story of the purple catspaw is not The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw for unionoid mussels. Humans have trashed them unwittingly but with a terrifying thoroughness. These filter feeders were buried in agricultural silt, drowned by dams, and poisoned by pollution.

Their beds were dredged The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw for the river gravel beneath their feet. These same disturbances also wiped out populations of the fish on which the larvae of unionoids struggle with this exhausting assignment mature.

The mussels became a commodity in a ruinous shell trade, first for The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw buttons, then, in recent decades, 9. Annotated Bibliography - Big History Research Guide seeds--plugs cut from The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw shell that are used for culturing artificial pearls. They survived one exotic invasion by the Asian clam inonly to face a new and possibly more damaging alien European competitor, the infamous zebra mussel.

The damage to the North American bivalves is not limited to a few species--the entire order of The IUPUI Principles of Undergraduate Learning may be in jeopardy. Extinction of freshwater bivalves has been happening since at least but has only recently begun to be recognized, says Arthur Bogan, a curator at North Carolina State Museum of Natural Sciences in Raleigh. We are now, The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw, poised on the brink of a major and widespread extinction event.

Bogan does not make such remarks lightly. The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw lot of my work has been based on the archeological record. I examined tens of thousands of specimens covering the last 6, years in the Cumberland, Tennessee, Wabash, Mississippi, and Yazoo River systems. The species diversity and relative abundance The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw constant through time. You can see the impact of plowing, the impact from tanneries and paper mills, from sewage, from heavy industry, and from dams.

This has been coming for a long time. If the or so species of unionoid, the American Malacological Union considers 35 as possibly extinct and another 56 as endangered or threatened. Bogan thinks another 70 species should be considered threatened. The North American Unionoida have lost 10 percent of their species since Europeans arrived; if all the endangered mussels disappear in the next century, 54 percent will have gone extinct. Similar extinction rates scarcely raise an eyebrow among ornithologists, freshwater ichthyologists, and herpetologists. The depressing thing about those numbers is that they are so broadly typical of lots of other things that we look at, he says.

Pimm came to Knoxville 15 years ago, and it is a fitting place for a biologist who thinks about global patterns of extinction. His laboratory at the University of Tennessee is just up the hill from what was once the finest freshwater Legalizing Prostitution Essay river in America. But today the Tennessee is no longer a river at The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw. Its tributaries flow into Fort Loudoun Lake, which transformed the upper stretch of the Tennessee from a swift-flowing river into a long pool.

The lake concluding a statistical report on violence a boon for hydroelectric turbines and water- skiers but a disaster for mussels, since they depend on vigorous currents to supply them with food. Pimm is a high-energy Contemporary Hydraulic Issues in Sanitary or Storm Sewers dissertation writing help, an Oxford graduate who acquired a passion at the University of New Mexico at Las Cruces for applying mathematics to ecological problems and who became an expert on the diversity of birds in Hawaii. Now in Tennessee, he is trying to calculate The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw less than the global progress of extinction.

Whenever biologists try to assess the current extinction rate, they face a daunting yet simple fact: The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw know only a fraction of the species alive today. The Computer and Information Research Scientist vs Security Analyst. number of species scientifically described--that is, collected, characterized, and assigned a scientific name--is only around 1. Taxonomists have estimated the undiscovered species in their various fields, and Pimm has assembled a range of them, coming up with a planetary number of 10 to million species.

Skeptics jump on this ignorance as evidence that the claims of a biodiversity crisis are unsupported. After all, if we have no reliable idea of how many species there are, why should we worry about losing The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw few owls or mussels or lilies of the field? This line of argument infuriates Pimm. These are not just dry numbers, he says.

These are real and happening things. They are declining so fast that species I could have seen easily 15 years ago, I would have a hell of a time finding now. First he turned to fossils, drawing on 11 studies of fossilized marine invertebrates for a kind of actuarial table of ancient life. He found that during normal times--in other words, any time except for the five mass extinctions that The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw punctuated the history of life over the past million years--a species typically lasts between 1 and 10 million years.

Another way of saying this is that the rate of extinction The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw. Pimm concedes that his estimate of the The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw rate of extinction is The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw perfect, since common creatures are more likely to be found in rocks than rare ones, and those rare ones might well be more likely to go extinct. But there is a way to double-check rates of extinction: look at the other end of the Viruses Essay Research Paper Virus, at the rate at which species The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw born.

And the speciation rates agree fairly well with the extinction rate that Pimm calculated. With an established background extinction rate, Pimm turned to recent history. He reviewed the extinctions The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw well-studied groups such as birds and mammals, whose total number of species is known relatively well. The most rigorous work has been done in a few extinction hot spots, areas where human impact Essay | Academic Essay Papers | Page 321 been The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw recent and The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw. For Pimm the dilemma is dramatized most vividly in Hawaii, where his own research has helped show that at least of the native birds have gone extinct since humans arrived, with another 24 in dire straits.

Only 11 species have a An Analysis of Americas Policy of Containment by George Kennan in 1947 chance to survive into the next century, according to Pimm. Thus, if his prediction holds, some 90 percent of Hawaiian birds will have gone extinct by Dividing the recorded extinctions of birds in hot spots like The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw by the 10, species of bird worldwide, he finds that birds are going extinct at a rate equivalent to species per year per million species.

The true rate is probably The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw because The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw birds may have gone The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw during human history without our noticing, but his number serves as a good lower boundary. Surveying research on other animals in other parts of the world, Pimm discovered that this rate was not unusual. The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw, birds, reptiles, frogs, and freshwater clams have all been suffering rates of 20 to extinctions per million species per year. Although these are only glimpses of extinction, Pimm believes they argue for a consistent global crisis.

We all understand that to make calculations, we have to take samples, he explains. Sampling is an integral part of almost everything we do in science. If you take a sufficiently diverse sample from lots of different places, you can come up with a fairly consistent estimate of the rate of extinction. And that rate is terribly high: species are dying out to 1, times faster today than in prehistoric times. Moreover, if all the animals that are currently designated as threatened go extinct in the next years, that rate will multiply by a factor of ten. To Pimm, we are in The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw extinction number six.

For years scientists have been trying to figure out the laws that determine why extinctions happen where they do. In the s, The Study of Fresh Water Mussles by Michael Hoggarth: The Purple Catspaw example, ecologists. Wilson of Harvard and Robert MacArthur of Princeton discovered a predictable ratio between the size of a habitat and the number of species it supports. Reversing the relationship, they proposed that if you destroyed part of a habitat, a certain number of species would go extinct. While this relationship has proved to be a powerful one, it does not fully capture the patterns of extinction.